= Menu

Look Together: Analyzing Gaze Coordination with Epistemic Network Analysis

Sean Andrist, Wesley Collier, Michael Gleicher, Bilge Mutlu, David Shaffer
Frontiers in Psychology, Volume 6, Number 1016, page 1--15 — 2015
    Download the publication : fpsyg-06-01016.pdf [1.6Mo]  
    When conversing and collaborating in everyday situations, people naturally and interactively align their behaviors with each other across various communication channels, including speech, gesture, posture, and gaze. Having access to a partner's referential gaze behavior has been shown to be particularly important in achieving collaborative outcomes, but the process in which people's gaze behaviors unfold over the course of an interaction and become tightly coordinated is not well understood. In this paper, we present work to develop a deeper and more nuanced understanding of coordinated referential gaze in collaborating dyads. We recruited 13 dyads to participate in a collaborative sandwich-making task and used dual mobile eye tracking to synchronously record each participant's gaze behavior. We used a relatively new analysis technique--epistemic network analysis--to jointly model the gaze behaviors of both conversational participants. In this analysis, network nodes represent gaze targets for each participant, and edge strengths convey the likelihood of simultaneous gaze to the connected target nodes during a given time-slice. We divided collaborative task sequences into discrete phases to examine how the networks of shared gaze evolved over longer time windows. We conducted three separate analyses of the data to reveal (1) properties and patterns of how gaze coordination unfolds throughout an interaction sequence, (2) optimal time lags of gaze alignment within a dyad at different phases of the interaction, and (3) differences in gaze coordination patterns for interaction sequences that lead to breakdowns and repairs. In addition to contributing to the growing body of knowledge on the coordination of gaze behaviors in joint activities, this work has implications for the design of future technologies that engage in situated interactions with human users.

    Images and movies


    BibTex references

      author       = "Andrist, Sean and Collier, Wesley and Gleicher, Michael and Mutlu, Bilge and Shaffer, David",
      title        = "Look Together: Analyzing Gaze Coordination with Epistemic Network Analysis",
      journal      = "Frontiers in Psychology",
      number       = "1016",
      volume       = "6",
      pages        = "1--15",
      year         = "2015",
      url          = "http://graphics.cs.wisc.edu/Papers/2015/ACGMS15"

    Other publications in the database